Scattered throughout the Near East, from Turkey (Anatolia) through Syria (Assyria) down into Sumer, and across to Egypt in 2000 to 1100 BC were a people known in assorted linguistic inflections as Haberi, Habiru, Ibri, Iberi, and Apiru. In the Hebrew we know today are words which tell us of their genetic affinity: from Genesis to Jeremiah in the Bible we have Ibri, which we translate as Hebrew.
Scholars have had a field day in trying to identify the close linguistic sounds of Habiru and Hebrew. Some find a fascinating similarity; others simply reject any association.
These people had no known national identity. In the ancient records they are distinctly set apart and are not regarded as an integral member of the nations in which they resided. They were noted for their geographic mobility, such as displayed by Abraham. They were also noted for their feisty spirits. They were also known for their ruddy, or red skin color. For example, the Semitic Akkadians were known for their tawny skin color.
OT:132 'admoniy (ad-mo-nee'); or (fully) 'admowniy (ad-mo-nee'); from OT:119; reddish (of the hair or the complexion):
KJV - red, ruddy.
[admowniy, ruddy, red-haired; Septuagint, purrakees.]
For additional information on these skin colors and tribal wandering inclinations see:
When Abraham appeared a new celestial order of affairs was started by Melchizedek here upon earth, Gen 14:18. He chose Abraham, the Ibri, as a new representative of a godly regime.
In this celestial choice Abraham became unique but we should recognize that he was chosen out a wide dispersion of similar people: regarded by the nations as a separate genetic group.
For a discussion on this Mysterious Habiru see: http://www.world-destiny.org/a29hab.htm
Moshe Greenberg did the definitive collection of ancient texts on these people: The Hab/piru, American Oriental Society, New Haven, 1955.
You may pull this text down from the Internet.
The Ibri/Habiri were different; in the ancient
texts they were regarded as from divinity.
In a list of gods in
the temple of Adad in Assyria is the following:
Statue of the king
Total: 10 gods in the temple of Adad.
In Egypt the Apir name
appears a number of places combined with a divine name. The titles
suggest specific identification as Apir gods.
Apr-Dager (a god)
and so on.
When Moses left Egypt he did not take all of the Ibri/Apiru with him; some stayed behind and continued to work as contract servants.
Still other Ibri/Haberi groups joined with Moses as they journeyed back to Canaan:
P.1055 - §1 It was only after the days of Machiventa Melchizedek and Abraham that certain tribes of Semites, because of their peculiar religious beliefs, were called the children of Israel and later on Hebrews, Jews, and the "chosen people." Abraham was not the racial father of all the Hebrews; he was not even the progenitor of all the Bedouin Semites who were held captive in Egypt. True, his offspring, coming up out of Egypt, did form the nucleus of the later Jewish people, but the vast majority of the men and women who became incorporated into the clans of Israel had never sojourned in Egypt. They were merely fellow nomads who chose to follow the leadership of Moses as the children of Abraham and their Semite associates from Egypt journeyed through northern Arabia.
The state of the tribes who became known as Israel is found in Deut 26:5 --
"And you shall make response before Yahweh your God, 'A wandering Aramean was my father; and he went down into Egypt and sojourned there, few in number; and there he became a nation, great, mighty, and populous.
You can see from these remarks that the Ibri/Iberi/Haberi were not Bedouin tribesmen bringing terror to the countryside, but people who had no settled region they could call their own. Not until they were brought into the Promised Land did they acquire a geographical distinction.
Not until the formation of a political kingdom under Saul did they acquire a national identity.
I shall follow these developments in another letter.
PS: Here are some interesting but false ideas about the skin color of Abraham.
Abraham means “burnt father” and refers
to his reddish skin color. In Arabic, the word ham means
burnt. The Nilotic peoples were referred to as burnt because they had a
reddish skin tone. Abraham was a descendant of these
ancestors, who the Bible designates as Kushites. Their skin color
ranged from the black Nubians to the reddish brown Egyptians.
Thursday, February 3, 2011
What Color Was Abraham?
Alice C. Linsley
As a descendant of the Ainu (royal priestly caste of Onn/Heliopolis), Abraham probably had a red skin tone, such as the man dressed in red in the photo below. Abraham's grandson Esau inherited his grandfather's reddish skin tone. We do not know Jacob's coloring, but he may have been darker skinned than Esau.
These Semitic Ibri/Iberi people were known all over the Near East in earliest periods, back to the dawn of historic time. They were recognized by other cultures as a separate body of people, they were given special treatment in legal codes, regarded as godlike in presence, and welcomed as marriage partners. They silently acknowledged a command from the distant past to genetically mix with other people. They carried this notion with them wherever they migrated.
However we should understand that they practiced close relative (consanguineous) marriage. Abraham and Sarah were half siblings, Gen 20:12. Their son and grandson married first cousins. Brother-Sister marriage was practiced among the Pharaohs of Egypt down to Roman times, as well as among many other cultures. First cousin marriage was common in most cultures down to the present day. Charles Darwin married his first cousin Emma. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were a preeminent example.
Lot had children with two of his daughters, Gen 19:36.
The following diagram shows the close inbreeding among the family of Terah
and how Jacob had children with two of his first cousins.
This is the origin of the twelve tribes of Israel, all out of Jacob. Note that out of Joseph came Ephraim and Manasseh, to make up the twelve tribes when the children of Levi were assigned the role of a dedicated priesthood.
Out of all the red-skinned Haberi, Ibri, Iberi, circulating in the Near East territories why did Melchizedek choose Abraham?
Not only did he have high genetic qualities as a near descendent from Adam but also he had high spiritual traits. He was a very righteous man.
Gen 15:5-6 -- And he brought him outside and said, "Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them." Then he said to him, "So shall your descendants be." And he believed Yahweh; and he (Yahweh) reckoned it to him (Abraham) as righteousness.
Other red-skinned Haberi, Ibri, Iberi may not have inherited those rich spiritual qualities.
Many aspects to destiny unfold upon a planet, most often hidden from the eyes of men. The red-skin component was one whose significance was known to ancient people but then lost in 3000 years of subsequent history. Part of this lost knowledge was due to the fact that the interbreeding with ordinary evolutionary man reduced the Adamic portion to the general average level we have today.
The Evidence of Language
Another key to understanding the past lies in language, the tongue that Abraham used, and its origins in antiquity.
P714:4, 63:4.6 Before the extensive dispersion of the Andonic clans a well-developed language had evolved from their early efforts to intercommunicate. This language continued to grow, and almost daily additions were made to it because of the new inventions and adaptations to environment which were developed by these active, restless, and curious people. And this language became the word of Urantia, the tongue of the early human family, until the later appearance of the colored races.
Abraham was a Semite and he used a Semitic language. That language came directly out of Eden.
Direct your attention to the primary word to denote these Semitic people. The Kal root word is abar = to cross over. In inflected form you know it as ibru, from which we get our word Hebrew. The idea of crossing over carries vast implications; these people had in their language the notion of carrying all the world races over to a new regime.
A further extension of the root is the Pi'el iber = to impregnate (or conceive).
(For your information the word abar carried down into modern tongues, such as Latin and English. Arbor is the shady effect from trees and plants and their portions that cross overhead. Literally hundreds of words from Hebrew have descended into our modern European languages and into English.)
As you can recognize Iber carries the further secret that when applied to people gave us Iberi.
You can find these words in the following:
201 Hebrew Verbs, page 246, Abraham S. Halkin, Barron's Educational Series, Woodbury, New York.
501 Hebrew Verbs, page 501, Shmuel Bolozky, Barron's Educational Series, Hauppauge, New York.
I learned of these elements from study of ancient records -- not from Revelation. Our religious sources, the Bible or the Urantia Papers, do not explain these factors to us.