A Study of the Father and the Son

From Assorted Egyptian Religious Texts

Adam and Eve. Although great degradation had taken place by the time of our historic documents, with considerable mythological embellishment, they retained much of the original revelations. These passages add to the thesis that Osiris was a revelation of Jesus, but then lost in the great religious decline.


I use two Egyptian sources: The Pyramid Texts, and the Papyrus of Ani. Passages from the Pyramid Texts are identified with the line numbers assigned by Sethe. Sethe did the original translation of the Egyptian hieroglyphs into German, with line numbers assigned. Photo reproductions may be found on the Near East web site of the University of Chicago. These line numbers were then used by Faulkner for his translation into English. Some Egyptologists, acquainted with the language, have faulted Sethe for the carelessness of his work. Faulkner uses no critical judgment in accepting Sethe's translation.  I do not identify the section numbers from the Papyrus of Ani.


The Pyramid Texts, Samuel Mercer, Longman's, Green and Co., New York, 1952. Some have claimed that Mercer translated from Sethe's German into English, rather than doing an original translation directly from Egyptian.


The Ancient Pyramid Texts, R. O. Faulkner, Aris & Phillips, Warminster,  1969.


The Book of the Dead, The Papyrus of Ani, E. A. Wallis Budge, Dover Reprint, New York, 1967.


The Egyptian Book of the Dead, The Book of the Going Forth by Day, R. O. Faulkner, Chronicle Books, San Francisco, 1994.

I use the Egyptian texts as illustration of how those ancient people clung to concepts and forms that had come down to them from

In my review of Faulkner's work, with meticulous checking of the hieroglyphs, I discovered that Faulkner skipped phrases and adjectives that reflected adversely on his godless attitudes. Hence, he must be taken with a grain of salt.


Note: The Papyrus of Ani was written by someone who wished to bring upon Ani the full weight of attributes assigned to Osiris. The word Ani in Egyptian meant to bring, or to convey. One can infer that the use of the name Ani was intended to portray one who was bringing truth or revelation in his writing. 'Turn thou back from him who keeps watch, and is himself unseen. Let the Osiris Ani be safely guarded.


This technique may have been a method for identifying with God. The name An or Ani was a form of Ra, personified as the Sun-god. "Hail, Ani, you shine upon us from heaven every day. May we never cease to behold thy rays! Ani is also identified with the Moon-god. AThoth protects you and makes your soul to stand up in the maat boat in thy name of Moon." He was also identified as "Ani, head of the gods." The god Ani was also addressed as "Eye of Horus " by the deceased in the 39th chapter of the Book of the Dead, which refers to the "uniting of a soul to its body in the underworld."


I show parallels from recent revelation. References beginning with the capital letter P are quotes from the Urantia Papers. Biblical quotes are from the RSV unless otherwise indicated.



Homage to Osiris

From the Papyrus of Ani:



Homage to thee, Osiris, Lord of eternity, King of the Gods, whose names are manifold, whose forms are holy . . .


He who inhabits eternity:



P 1069: "I am the high and lofty one who inhabits eternity." "I am the first and the last, and beside me there is no other God." "And the Lord's hand is not shortened that it cannot save, neither his ear heavy that it cannot hear."


P 1444: Thus says the High and Lofty One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: >I dwell in the high and holy place; also with him who is of a contrite heart and a humble spirit!'


Isa 57:15 C  For thus says the high and lofty One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: "I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.


King of the gods:



Ps 82:1 C God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment.


Ps 95:3 C For Yahweh is a great God, and a great King above all gods.


The manifold names for God:



P.22 ‑ '4 Of all the names by which God the Father is known throughout the universes, those which designate him as the First Source and the Universe Center are most often encountered. The First Father is known by various names in different universes and in different sectors of the same universe. The names which the creature assigns to the Creator are much dependent on the creature's concept of the Creator. The First Source and Universe Center has never revealed himself by name, only by nature. If we believe that we are the children of this Creator, it is only natural that we should eventually call him Father. But this is the name of our own choosing, and it grows out of the recognition of our personal relationship with the First Source and Center.


P.23 ‑ '1 Near the center of the universe of universes, the Universal Father is generally known by names which may be regarded as meaning the First Source. Farther out in the universes of space, the terms employed to designate the Universal Father more often mean the Universal Center. Still farther out in the starry creation, he is known, as on the headquarters world of your local universe, as the First Creative Source and Divine Center. In one near‑by constellation God is called the Father of Universes. In another, the Infinite Upholder, and to the east, the Divine Controller. He has also been designated the Father of Lights, the Gift of Life, and the All‑powerful One.


The Holiness of God and his habitation:



P.120 ‑ '4 On upper Paradise there are three grand spheres of activity, the Deity presence, the Most Holy Sphere, and the Holy Area. The vast region immediately surrounding the presence of the Deities is set aside as the Most Holy Sphere and is reserved for the functions of worship, trinitization, and high spiritual attainment. There are no material structures nor purely intellectual creations in this zone; they could not exist there. It is useless for me to undertake to portray to the human mind the divine nature and the beauteous grandeur of the Most Holy Sphere of Paradise. This realm is wholly spiritual, and you are almost wholly material. A purely spiritual reality is, to a purely material being, apparently nonexistent.



Osiris as the Embodiment of Truth.



The Osiris the scribe Ani, whose word is truth before Osiris.


Hail, Thoth, who did make the word of Osiris to be true against his enemies, make thou the word of the Osiris Ani to be true against his enemies.




P.23 ‑ '4 God is primal reality in the spirit world; God is the source of truth in the mind spheres; God overshadows all throughout the material realms. To all created intelligences God is a personality, and to the universe of universes he is the First Source and Center of eternal reality. God is neither manlike nor machinelike. The First Father is universal spirit, eternal truth, infinite reality, and father personality.


Isa 65:16 C So that he who blesses himself in the land shall bless himself by the God of truth, and he who takes an oath in the land shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten and are hid from my eyes.







Behold, the scribe Nebseni, whose word is truth, saith:‑ Homage to you, O ye Lords of Kau, ye who are without sin, and who live for the endless and infinite aeons of time which make up eternity. I have opened up a way for myself to you. I have become a spirit in my forms, I have gotten the mastery over my words of magical power, and I am adjudged a spirit; therefore deliver ye me from the Crocodile which lives in this Country of Truth.



This is a typical example of how degraded the original revelations had become. While the Egyptians retained the spirit of their revelations, they had embellished them with manifold gods and powers. I have been unable to obtain a precise definition of Amehet but the context suggests it is one of the houses of heaven. Nebseni was a royal scribe who created this particular document. Kau was a very common Egyptian name particle that meant spirit character. The Crocodile served as a symbol equivalent to the serpent in the Jewish-Christian mythologies.




P.1408 ‑ '2 It is forever and gloriously true: "We have a high ruler who can be touched with the feeling of our infirmities. We have a Sovereign who was in all points tested and tempted like as we are, yet without sin." And since he himself has suffered, being tested and tried, he is abundantly able to understand and minister to those who are confused and distressed.


P.365 ‑ '3 There is in the mind of God a plan which embraces every creature of all his vast domains, and this plan is an eternal purpose of boundless opportunity, unlimited progress, and endless life. And the infinite treasures of such a matchless career are yours for the striving!


P.11 ‑ '2 The Universal Father achieves freewill liberation from the bonds of infinity and the fetters of eternity by the technique of trinitization, threefold Deity personalization. The Supreme Being is even now evolving as a subeternal personality unification of the sevenfold manifestation of Deity in the time‑space segments of the grand universe.


P.15 ‑ '4 The Universal Absolute is the potential of the static‑dynamic Deity functionally realizable on time‑eternity levels as finite‑absolute values and as possible of experiential‑existential approach. This incomprehensible aspect of Deity may be static, potential, and associative but is not experientially creative or evolutional as concerns the intelligent personalities now functioning in the master universe.






The Osiris Ani saith:


Who is this?

"It is Ra,

"I am the Great God who created himself, even Nu, who made his names to become the Company of the Gods as gods."


This is a reference to the Father, who created all things. In the Egyptian religious literature he is before all things, and all other things came forth from him.


Horus and Melchizedek



Who is this?

"Yesterday is Osiris, and Today is Ra, when he shall destroy the enemies of Nebertcher (the lord to the uttermost limit), and when he shall establish as prince and ruler his son Horus




Heb 13:8 C Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and for ever.


Ps 110:1‑7 C

The LORD says to my lord: "Sit at my right hand, till I make your enemies your footstool."

The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your foes!

Your people will offer themselves freely on the day you lead your host upon the holy mountains. From the womb of the morning like dew your youth will come to you.

The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, "You are a priest for ever after the order of Melchiz'edek."

The Lord is at your right hand; he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath.

He will execute judgment among the nations, filling them with corpses; he will shatter chiefs over the wide earth.

He will drink from the brook by the way; therefore he will lift up his head.


This is a very important passage because it tells us that Horus was the divine Son who would take over rulership of the world. He is the Son of our Creator Father, Jesus. His name, and passages about him, are ubiquitous throughout ancient Egyptian religious literature; he shows everywhere. Many times he is confused in the Father-Son relationship of the Father and Jesus.



Isa 9:6‑7 C

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulder, and his name will be called "Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace." Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David, and over his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and for evermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.


Although the Apostles of Jesus believed this referred to him, we can see how it fits with Ps 110.


Tablets of Destiny



Who is this?


"I am the Benu bird which is in Anu. I am the keeper of the volume of the book (the Tablet of Destiny) of the things which have been made, and of the things which shall be made."



P.16 ‑ '4 2. The Absolute Trinity C the second experiential Trinity C now in process of actualization, will consist of God the Supreme, God the Ultimate, and the unrevealed Consummator of Universe Destiny. This Trinity functions on both personal and superpersonal levels, even to the borders of the nonpersonal, and its unification in universality would experientialize Absolute Deity.


P.301 ‑ '6 The superaphic custodians of knowledge are the higher "living epistles" known and read by all who dwell on Paradise. They are the divine records of truth, the living books of real knowledge. You have heard about records in the "book of life." The custodians of knowledge are just such living books, records of perfection imprinted upon the eternal tablets of divine life and supreme. They are in reality living, automatic libraries. The facts of the universes are inherent in these primary supernaphim, actually recorded in these angels; and it is also inherently impossible for an untruth to gain lodgment in the minds of these perfect and replete repositories of the truth of eternity and the intelligence of time.


Everlasting Eternity



"It is Osiris. "Others, however, say that it is the dead body of Osiris, and yet others say that it is the excrement of Osiris. The things which have been made, and the things which shall be made [refer to] the dead body of Osiris. Others again say that the things which have been made are Eternity, and the things which shall be made are Everlastingness, and that Eternity is the Day, and Everlastingness the Night.



P.23 ‑ '3 On a planet of sex creatures, in a world where the impulses of parental emotion are inherent in the hearts of its intelligent beings, the term Father becomes a very expressive and appropriate name for the eternal God. He is best known, most universally acknowledged, on your planet, Urantia, by the name God. The name he is given is of little importance; the significant thing is that you should know him and aspire to be like him. Your prophets of old truly called him "the everlasting God" and referred to him as the one who "inhabits eternity."


P.47 ‑ '2 God controls all power; he has made "a way for the lightning"; he has ordained the circuits of all energy. He has decreed the time and manner of the manifestation of all forms of energy‑matter. And all these things are held forever in his everlasting grasp C in the gravitational control centering on nether Paradise. The light and energy of the eternal God thus swing on forever around his majestic circuit, the endless but orderly procession of the starry hosts composing the universe of universes. All creation circles eternally around the Paradise‑Personality center of all things and beings.


P.55 ‑ '2 There is no limitation of the forces and personalities which the Father may use to uphold his purpose and sustain his creatures. "The eternal God is our refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms." "He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty." "Behold, he who keeps us shall neither slumber nor sleep." "We know that all things work together for good to those who love God," "for the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayers."


P.22 ‑ '2 Urantia mortals can hardly hope to be perfect in the infinite sense, but it is entirely possible for human beings, starting out as they do on this planet, to attain the supernal and divine goal which the infinite God has set for mortal man; and when they do achieve this destiny, they will, in all that pertains to self‑realization and mind attainment, be just as replete in their sphere of divine perfection as God himself is in his sphere of infinity and eternity. Such perfection may not be universal in the material sense, unlimited in intellectual grasp, or final in spiritual experience, but it is final and complete in all finite aspects of divinity of will, perfection of personality motivation, and God‑consciousness.




Ps 41:13 C

Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting! Amen and Amen.

Ps 103:17 C

But the steadfast love of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting upon those who fear him, and his righteousness to children's children,

Ps 90:2 C

Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting thou art God.

Ps 106:48 C

Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting! And let all the people say, "Amen!" Praise the LORD!

Isa 57:15 C

For thus says the high and lofty One who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: "I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.


Lord of Heaven



Ascribe ye praise to Ra, the lord of heaven, the KING, Life, Strength, and Health, the maker of the gods.



Ps 82:1 C

God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:

Ps 135:5 C

For I know that the LORD is great, and that our Lord is above all gods.

Ps 97:9 C

For thou, O LORD, art most high over all the earth; thou art exalted far above all gods.

Ps 95:3 C

For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.




Homage to thee, O you glorious Being, you who art dowered [with all sovereignty]. O Tem‑Heru‑Khuti, when you rise in the horizon of heaven a cry of joy goes forth to thee from all people. O you beautiful Being, you renew yourself in your season in the form of the Disk, within your mother Hathor. Therefore in every place every heart swells with joy at your rising for ever. The regions of the South and the North come to you with homage, and send forth acclamations at your rising on the horizon of heaven, and you illuminate the Two Lands with rays of turquoise light. O Ra, who art Heru‑Khuti, the divine man‑child, the heir of eternity, self‑begotten and self‑born, king of the earth, prince of the Tuat, governor of Aukert, you came from the Water‑god, you sprang from the Sky‑god Nu, who does cherish you and order your members. O you god of life, you lord of love, all men live when you shine; you art crowned king of the gods. The goddess Nut embraces you and the goddess Mut enfolds you at all seasons. Those who are in your following sing unto you with joy, and they bow down their foreheads to the earth when they meet you, the lord of heaven, the lord of the earth, the King of Truth, the lord of eternity, the prince of everlastingness, you sovereign of all the gods, you god of life, you creator of eternity, you maker of heaven wherein you are firmly established.


The many phrases echo Christian traditions:

The divine man-child, Job 3:3

Heir of eternity

Lord of eternity

King of the earth, Ps 47:2

Lord of the earth, Ps 97:5

God of life, Ps 54:4 and many others

Lord of love, Ps 86:5

King of truth

Lord of heaven, Acts 17:24

Creator of eternity

Maker of heaven



P.26 ‑ '2 I come forth from the Eternal, and I have repeatedly returned to the presence of the Universal Father. I know of the actuality and personality of the First Source and Center, the Eternal and Universal Father. I know that, while the great God is absolute, eternal, and infinite, he is also good, divine, and gracious. I know the truth of the great declarations: "God is spirit" and "God is love," and these two attributes are most completely revealed to the universe in the Eternal Son.


King of Heaven



The Osiris Ani, whose word is truth, being at peace [with his god], maketh adoration to his Lord, the Lord of Eternity, and saith:‑ Homage to thee, O Heru‑khuti, who art the god Khepera, the self‑created. When thou risest on the horizon and sheddest thy beams of light upon the Lands of the South and of the North, thou art beautiful, yea beautiful, and all the gods rejoice when they behold thee, the king of heaven.




964a, 966a. 967a, 968a: The King come to you, lord of heaven, the King come to you, Osiris

286a: The Lord of peace gives to you his arm



Dan 5:23 C but you have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven . . .

Acts 17:24 C The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in shrines made by man.

Ps 24:8 C Who is the King of glory? Yahweh, strong and mighty, Yahweh, mighty in battle!

Ps 44:4 C Thou art my King and my God, who ordains victories for Jacob.

Ps 74:12 C Yet God my King is from of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth.



Honor to Osiris



395a. The honor of Osiris is in heaven, his might is in the horizon.




John 5:23 C that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.

1 Tim 1:17 C To the King of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

Heb 2:7 C Thou didst make him for a little while lower than the angels, thou hast crowned him with glory and honor.

2 Pet 1:17‑18 C For when he received honor and glory from God the Father and the voice was borne to him by the Majestic Glory, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased," we heard this voice borne from heaven, for we were with him on the holy mountain.


The Ascension of Osiris



476a: To say: "How beautiful indeed is the sight, how pleasant indeed is the view," say they, say the gods,

476b: "the ascension of this god to heaven, the ascension of Osiris to heaven.

549a.To say: Heaven speaks, the earth quakes on account of thy fear, Osiris,

549b. when you make the ascension.

550a. O you milk-cows there, O you nurse-cows there,

550b. go around him, weep for him, praise him, lament for him,

550c. when he makes the ascension. He goes forth to heaven among his brothers, the gods.

992a. To say: How beautiful indeed is the sight; how elevating indeed is the sight,

992b. the ascension of this god, Osiris to heaven, like the ascension of father Atum to heaven.



Ps 48:1‑2

Great is the LORD and greatly to be praised in the city of our God! His holy mountain, beautiful in elevation, is the joy of all the earth, Mount Zion, in the far north, the city of the great King.

1Thes 1:10

. . . and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.

Acts 1:11

. . . and said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven."

Acts 2:31‑33

. . . he foresaw and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption. This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this which you see and hear.

John 3:13

No one has ascended into heaven but he who descended from heaven, the Son of man.

Eph 4:8‑10

Therefore it is said, "When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men." (In saying, "He ascended," what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower parts of the earth? He who descended is he who also ascended far above all the heavens, that he might fill all things.)



The Father's Embrace



215: your heralds run to your father, to Atum

221: The father of the gods . . .

136b, 214: The messengers of thy ka are come for you; the messengers of your father come for you; the messengers of Re come for you.

214: Ascend to the place where your father is . . .

222: Your father may see you, so that Re may see you . . .

212a: Thou hast come into being, thou hast become high, thou hast become content.

212b: Thou hast become well in the embrace of thy father, in the embrace of Atum.

213a: Atum, let Osiris ascend to thee, enfold him in thine embrace,

213b: for he is thy bodily son for ever.



P.1935 ‑ '0 A. . . I have brought the kingdom of heaven to you here on earth, but I declare that all of you who by faith enter therein and remain therein by the living service of truth, shall surely ascend to the worlds on high and sit with me in the spirit kingdom of our Father. But first must you gird yourselves and complete the work which you have begun with me. You must first pass through much tribulation and endure many sorrows C and these trials are even now upon us C and when you have finished your work on earth, you shall come to my joy, even as I have finished my Father's work on earth and am about to return to his embrace.@


Begotten of the Father



395b. like his father, Atum. who begat him. He has begotten him mightier than he.

194c. he has come to thee, Great One; he has come to thee, Great-in-magic

194d. He is pure for thee; he is in awe of thee.

195a. Mayest thou be satisfied with him; mayest thou be satisfied with his purity;

195b. mayest thou be satisfied with his word, which he speaks to thee

195c. "How beautiful is thy face, when it is peaceful, new, young, for a god, father of the gods, has begotten thee!"




P.234 ‑ '1 The Creator Sons are the makers and rulers of the local universes of time and space. These universe creators and sovereigns are of dual origin, embodying the characteristics of God the Father and God the Son. But each Creator Son is different from every other; each is unique in nature as well as in personality; each is the "only‑begotten Son" of the perfect deity ideal of his origin.

P.234 ‑ '6 When the fullness of absolute spiritual ideation in the Eternal Son encounters the fullness of absolute personality concept in the Universal Father, when such a creative union is finally and fully attained, when such absolute identity of spirit.

P.235 ‑ '0 and such infinite oneness of personality concept occur, then, right then and there, without the loss of anything of personality or prerogative by either of the infinite Deities, there flashes into full‑fledged being a new and original Creator Son, the only‑begotten Son of the perfect ideal and the powerful idea whose union produces this new creator personality of power and perfection.

P.234 ‑ '1 The Creator Sons are the makers and rulers of the local universes of time and space. These universe creators and sovereigns are of dual origin, embodying the characteristics of God the Father and God the Son. But each Creator Son is different from every other; each is unique in nature as well as in personality; each is the "only‑begotten Son" of the perfect deity ideal of his origin.


Heb 1:5 C

For to what angel did God ever say, "Thou art my Son, today I have begotten thee"? Or again, "I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son"? See Ps 2:7 and II Sam 7:14.

John 1:14 C

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

I Jn 4:9 C

In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.



King of Kings and Lord of Lords



Papyrus of Ani:

Homage to thee, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, and Prince of Princes. Thou hast ruled the Two Lands from the womb of the goddess Nut. Thou hast governed the Lands of Akert. Thy members are of silver‑gold, thy head is of lapis‑lazuli, and the crown of thy head is of turquoise. Thou art An of millions of years.

Homage to thee, O An in Antes, Heru‑khuti, who dost with long strides march across the heavens.



P.488 ‑ '5 The Psalmist knew that Edentia was ruled by three Constellation Fathers and accordingly spoke of their abode in the plural: "There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the most holy place of the tabernacles of the Most Highs."

P.489 ‑ '4 The most holy mount of assembly is the dwelling place of the Faithful of Days, the representative of the Paradise Trinity who functions on Edentia.

P.489 ‑ '7 The most holy mount is exquisitely beautiful and marvelously appointed, but the actual residence of the Paradise Son is modest in comparison with the central abode of the Most Highs and the surrounding seventy structures comprising the residential unit of the Vorondadek Sons. These appointments are exclusively residential; they are entirely separate from the extensive administrative headquarters buildings wherein the affairs of the constellation are transacted.



1 Tim 6:15 C

. . . and this will be made manifest at the proper time by the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords

Rev 19:16 C

On his robe and on his thigh he has a name inscribed, King of Kings and Lord of Lords.

Dan 8:25

By his cunning he shall make deceit prosper under his hand, and in his own mind he shall magnify himself. Without warning he shall destroy many; and he shall even rise up against the Prince of rinces; but, by no human hand, he shall be broken.


Many other texts could be cited. This tabulation provides some insight into the religious expression of those ancient people, and how they clung to the memories of religious teaching of days of yesteryear.