Disperse - Parse

English - (Dis)(perse) - Parse

Scatter, spread widely, disseminate, dispel

Hebrew - פָּרַט - פָּרַש - Paras

Divide, break (in two), spread out, stretch

From BDB: divide words into parts, would be stammer (of broken speech; said contemptuously). Note direct cognate with English parse.

Disperse: Middle English dispersen, from Middle French disperser from Latin dispersus equivalent to dis- + -sper(g) = scatter, strew. 

Curiously this gave origin to the vegetable asparagus. Late O.E. sparage, from Latin asparagus and Greek asparagos.

Parse: 1. to analyze (a sentence) in terms of grammatical constituents, identifying the parts of speech, syntactic relations, etc. 2. to describe (a word in a sentence) grammatically, identifying the part of speech, inflectional form, syntactic function, etc.

Origin: Latin as in pars ōrātiōnis = part of speech. Break down to components: anatomize, break up, cut up, decompose, decompound, determine, disintegrate, dissect, dissolve, divide, electrolyze, hydrolyze, lay bare, parse , part, resolve, separate.

This word is used to describe the ancient land of Persia, which we know in the language of Farsi. The word Farsi is derived from Paras.

The word Upharsin Daniel saw in the vision in Dan 5:25 is from the same source, U + pharsi + n. (The "U" is simply the word and, while the "n" is simply a grammatical ending.) The interpretation is given in Dan 5:28, Peres: Your kingdom is divided.

The "spreading out" of the hands in prayer is noted in several passages. In Isa 25:11 we are told that He will spread out his hands. In Job 26:9: He holds back the face of His throne, and spreads his cloud over it. (Note the mistranslation of this verse in many versions.)

 

 

 

Indo-European Reflexes On Parse
Family/Language Reflex(es) Gloss
English
Old English: spearca spark
  spearc(i)an to spark, sparkle
  specan, spæc, spǣcon, specen to speak, say
  sp(r)ǣc/sprēc speech
  sprecan, spræc, sprǣcon, sprecen to speak, say
Middle English: dysparsen to disperse
  frakne freckle
  frekel freckle
  sparke spark
  sparken to spark
  sparklen to sparkle
  speche speech
  speken to speak
  sprenklen to sprinkle
  sprinclen to sprinkle
English: asparagus Old World perennial plant with edible shoots
  asperse to sprinkle (with holy water)
  bespeak, bespoke, bespoken to hire, engage, claim beforehand
  disperse to cause to scatter in different directions
  freak to streak/stripe (with color)
  freckle small brownish spot on skin
  intersperse to insert among other things
  sparge to sprinkle, bespatter
  spark flash, hot glowing particle
  spark to emit spark
  sparkle to emit sparks
  sparse few, scattered
  speak, spoke/spake, spoken to talk, utter/articulate words/sounds with ordinary voice
  speech vocal expression/communication of thoughts in words
  sprag pointed bar/stake on vehicle to prevent rolling when halted
  sprinkle to scatter in drops/particles
  spry brisk, vigorously active
  spurry small white-flowered European plant
British English: bespoke custom-made
W-Germanic
Old Frisian: spreka to speak, say
  sprēke speech
Dutch: asperge asparagus
  sproach speech
  spurrie spurry
Old Saxon: sprāka speech
  sprekan to speak, say
Old High German: sprāhha speech, language
  sprehhan to speak
Middle High German: spreckel spot
  sprenkel spot
German: Spargel asparagus
  Sprache speech
  sprechen to speak
  Sprenkel spot, speckle
  sprenkeln to spot, speckle, dapple; sprinkle
N-Germanic
Old Norse: freknōttr freckled
Danish: asparges asparagus
  sprog speech
Swedish: sparris asparagus
  spragge branch
  sprygg spry
  språk speech
Italic
Latin: asparagus asparagus
  aspergo, aspergere to sprinkle, splatter
  aspersus sprinkled, splattered
  dispergo, dispergere to scatter
  dispersus scattered
  interspersus interspersed
  spargō, spargere, sparsī, sparsum to strew, sprinkle
  spargo, spargere to scatter
  sparsus scattered
Medieval Latin: spergula spurry
Middle French: disperser to disperse
  espargier to sparge
Hellenic
Homeric Greek: σφaρaγeομαι to hiss, crackle, sputter
Greek: a-σφaρaγος asparagus
  σφaρaγiζω to stir up with noise/bustle