CHAPTER 7

OTHER PLACE NAMES

Before going on to discuss the significance of the names it may be helpful to round out our catalog while showing the diverse nature of the phenomenon.
 

The Euphrates is the longest river in west Asia. It flows 1700 miles from Turkey, through Syria and Iraq, until it joins the Tigris just north of the Persian Gulf. In Hebrew the name is female Perath, Gen 2:14, from a masculine para. Eu-phrat-es is the Greek form of the name. Para6500,6509 is a primitive root in Hebrew, meaning "to bear fruit, be fruitful." In modern Hebrew the inflected word pree means "fruitMHGC." The word was also applied to a cow and, in modified par form, to a bullock6510,6499. The latter two applications may refer to the fruitfulness of livestock, both as a source of milk, and as meat for the table.
 

The name para is found many places around the world. The name is especially plentiful in South America: Peru, Paraguay, Parana, Paracas, Paranagua, and so on.
 
 

Para, India 
Parapara, Iraq 
Parakan, Java 
Para Island, Indonesia
Para River, USSR 
Parado, Indonesia
Pare, Nepal 
Paraguana, Venezuela

Parenkava, USSR 
Pariagua, Venezuela
Paramuan, Borneo
Para River and State, Brazil
Paraha Param Island, Truk Islands
Paraiore, South Pacific
Parakao, New Zealand

Parapara, New Zealand 
Paravae Island, South Pacific
Parawa, New Zealand
Pare Moutains, Tanganyika
Pareiduwa Island, Ceylon
Parikawa, New Zealand
Plus many others

 

It is also found in Paris, France, pronounced Paree by Frenchmen.
 

Paris was a Trojan prince of classical Greek mythology who awarded the apple of discord to Aphrodite, the love goddess. The discord, of course, in those old distorted stories, reflects the discord Eve brought to our planet. The name for the Trojan prince comes from the Semitic para. Many god names in Classical Greek mythology come directly from Northwest Semitic and can be recognized today in Hebrew. We encountered some in previous chapters, and I shall go on to discuss others, but for the sake of clarity I shall list them here.  
 
 

Classical Greek Gods and Myth Figures

Hebrew Word

Paris, Trojan prince who gave apple of discord to Aphrodite.

Para, "to be fruitful," "fruit."

Aloadae, Otus & Ephialtes, giant twins who represent the fallen planetary Prince and his companion.

Eloah, Creator God before Yahweh was identified.

Aloeus, step-father to the giant twins. He reflects the role of Jesus as the Creator.

Eloah

Adonis, god of love.

Adon, Title of lord.

Phoenix, eponymous ancestor to the Phoenicians, brother to Cadmus and Europa.

Punite, Hebrew people descended from Pua: Numbers 26:23.

Taurus, the Bull. Identified with heavenly regions.

Toor, "to meander about."

 

The characteristic "s" or "x" ending is seen on these Greek names borrowed from Northwest Semitic.
 

We can recognize how Paris, the Trojan prince, received his name from the Semitic para because of the symbolic connection to the "apple of discord." The apple is a fruit. This is paralleled in the Genesis account where Eve eats the forbidden apple.
 

We find an interesting similarity to modern English berry, a particular form of fruit. The word berry is found in all the old Teutonic languages but "the ulterior history is uncertainOED." This is an example of one of hundreds of words in modern English which bear a remarkable resemblance in sound and meaning to ancient Hebrew.
 

The word para was widely used in ancient Greek, and came into English as a borrowed form, in such words as parable, paradigm, paradise, parallel, and so on. In Greek it had the sense of "from," "by," "near," "beside," "toward," and so onAGL. How this word may relate to the Hebrew para is not discernible. There is no apparent direct connection to the concept of being fruitful, except in a derived sense of yielding comparison or comparative relationship, thus yielding fruit.
 

The names of the Greek mythical figures offer a time frame for the borrowing from Northwest Semitic. The Eloah name is prominent. At the time of the borrowing Eloah was still a strong Semitic influence. If the borrowing took place from Hebrew tribes it was before assignment of the Yahweh name to those tribes. Therefore, the borrowing must predate Moses, and even the Egyptian captivity, certainly early in the second millennium BC. If the borrowing was not directly from Hebrew it had to come from Semitic sources where Eloah was still recognized. Since the Eloah form is not recognized by modern studies as a universal name in Northwest Semitic the influence must predate historical records, circa 2,000 BC.
 

I shall now consider another word which also has a strange relationship to modern English. Tara is a very famous place in Ireland, the spiritual and political center for the ancient inhabitants of that land. It carries strong sentimental value for all Irishmen. But the name is not restricted to Ireland. Tara is found many places: Australia, India, Finland, Zambia, Ontario, USSR, Chile, Philippines, Yugoslavia, and the South Pacific. It has many suffixes: Taraba River, Nigeria -- Taraca, Philippines -- Taraco, Peru -- Tarai, Pakistan -- Tarana, New South Wales -- and so on.
 

This name came from a root that gave Hebrew toor8446: "to meander about." The plural word tareem is translated "merchants," those who go or travel about, I Kings 10:15. The singular would be tara.
 

The classical Greek mythical figure, Taurus, the heavenly bull, received his name from this word. He is remembered in many of the mythologies of the worldMAW, and was prolific in representation in the cult worship rooms at Çatal Hüyük, dating 8,000 years agoCAHU. He still holds prominence in our modern astronomical designation for one of the twelve signs of the Zodiac. In Hebrew the word tore8450, an inflection of toor, meant the bull or the ox. This simple phonetic designation is still remembered in the Spanish toro. He is also remembered in Greek Turannos5181, which became the English tyrant.
 

The Hebrew word is found directly in English tour, "to go about" or "to travel from place to place," without phonetic or semantic change. Linguists believe the English word comes from Latin and Greek tornus, a tool for making circle or for lathes, meaning "to turn," or "to turn about," hence our English turn, with such derived words as tournament, tourniquet, and so on. Obviously, the Hebrew, Greek, Latin and English forms all have the sense of movement in continuous circuit, or circular motion.
 

The Hebrew word toor has a cognate. Door, (pronounced dure, not dore), means "to gyrate (in a circle)," hence "to dwell1752." In the Bible it is translated as "circle," "ball," "turn," and "round about." The inflected dore, means "a revolution of time," "an age or generation." The place name Endor came from this root.
 

In Greek thura meant "door," "gate," or "entrance," appeared in Sanskrit as dur, and is known by our English door. The idea of doors and gates swinging or turning causes one to believe a semantic connection exists between the Indo-European words and the Hebrew word. Note our English word duration. This comes from the Latin durare, "to last," witnessed in the Hebrew "age" or "generation." Our word endure is thought to come from the Latin durus = "hard," as in durable, but we can see the close conceptual relationship among these forms.
 

Still another form found in Hebrew offers interesting insights. Kara7121 is a primitive root which means "to call out." This name is found many places throughout the world.
 

Kara, Chad 
Kara, Ethiopia
Kara, India 
Kara, USSR
Karah, Malawi 
Karai, Malaysia
El Karak, Syria 
Karaka, Solomon Is.

Karakala, USSR 
Kara Kara, W. Africa
Kara Kash, China 
Karama River, Celebes 
Kara Bau, USSR 
Kara Chumak, China
Karawa, Indonesia 
Karawa, Kenya

Kara Ada Island, Turkey
Karamea, New Zealand 
Kara Art Pass, China
Kara Dag Mountains, Turkey 
Karawala Oya River, Ceylon
Kare, Equatorial Africa
Plus many others.


Inflected imperative forms of kara are kraw, kree, and kru. A parallel is found in Greek. Krazu means "to cry out," "to exclaim." Kraugi means "outcry or clamour." The English word "cry" is thought to come from a Latin quiritare, "to cry aloud or screamOED." However, once again, we raise the question of linguistic assignments which clearly do not recognize a worldwide Semitic influence.
 

Still another Hebrew word found around the world is bara, "to create1254." It is in such place names as:  
 

Bara, Sudan 
Bari, Italy
Barra, Brazil 
Barra, Scotland
Barawa, Somalia 
Baraboo, Wisconsin
Barabinsk, USSR 
Barida, New Zealand

Baramati, India 
Barasat, India
Barata, Brazil 
Baranovichi, USSR
Baramula, India 
Barrow, Alaska
Barrow, Ireland 
Barrow, England

Baracoa, Cuba 
Barkha, China 
Barrow, New South Wales
Bara Khei, Afghanistan
Baraka River, Sudan
Barkhan, Pakistan
Plus many others 

With tabulation of some of the extraordinary word parallels across the planet we can return to names which are doublets.

These were illustrated in Hawa-Hawa, and in An-An. These also show in Oc-Oc:
 
 

Oc-Oc Names

Acoca, Somalia 
Acacia, South Africa 
Achachi, Brazil 
Achaco, Peru

Akaki, Cyprus 
Akaku, Caroline Is.
Acacia Creek, Australia
Akiachak, Alaska

And so on.

Many combinations of El, Hawa, An and Oc exist. The following tabulations illustrate.  
 

Hawa-Oc Names

Auak, Caroline Is. 
Auchi, Nigeria 
Auco, Chile 
Auch, France 
Huaca, Peru 
Uaca, Brazil 
El Uach, Somalia 
Avuqa, Israel

Uakaku, Borneo 
Awakeri, New Zealand 
Awka and Awkuzu, Nigeria
Ouaga and Ouaka, several Africa 
Ouaquaga, New York
Ouaqui and River, Guiana 
And so on.

 

Oc-Hawa Names 
Some of these may be the aqua form discussed earlier. 

Achwa, Uganda
Agawa, Bay and River, Canada
Aghao Jan, Afghanistan
Aghavannagh, Wicklow, Ireland
Akao Bay, South Pacific
Akow Lake, Canada 

Akwana, Nigeria
Ogawa and Okawa, several Japan
Okkwa, South Korea
Okou, West Africa 
Oquawka, Ucchuwanen Island
And so on. 


 

Oc-El Names

Acala, Texas and Mexico 
Acholi Tribe, Africa 
Agala, Nigeria
Aggala Wan Oya River, Ceylon 
Aghalee, North Ireland
Akala, Kenya and Sudan 
Ocala, Florida
Ochil Hills, Scotland 
Ochili Pass, Afghanistan

Ocili, Solomon Is. 
Ocilla, Georgia
Ogallah, Kansas 
Ogallala, Nebraska
Oglala, South Dakota 
Okolli Island, Canada
Okollo, Uganda 
And so on. 


 

Oc-An Names

Achancyra, Peru 
Achchan, Sinkiang 
Achchen, USSR 
Agan River, USSR 
Agana, Bolivia 
Agana, Guam 
Agano River, Japan
Aganoa, South Pacific 

Akan River, Japan 
Akanu, Nigeria
Ocana, Spain and Peru
Oceana, West Virginia 
Oconee, several USA
Ogan River, Sumatra 
Okano River, Equatorial Africa 
Okuni, Nigeria
And so on. 

 

While you may find that some names have origins other than in the Semitic roots we see that the patterns are strong and universal. Even a large percentage of mistaken assignments would not deny this extraordinary phenomenon. There was an influence in very ancient times which produced names that clung strongly to the lands through untold generations. One reason may be the ease with which they are pronounced. The phonetics of the syllables gives little trouble to virtually all users. For example, in those ancient days the languages used broad vowels rather than the sharp vowels we use today. "A" was pronounced with an "aw" as in law, rather than "a" as in hate. There is also a certain musical quality to the combinations of the elements which is striking to the ear.
 

Consider Lackawana, the Indian name in the American northeast. It is composed of El-Oc-Hawana. The Allegheny mountains were known to the American Indians as the Allaghawa; this is El-Oc-Hawa. We mentioned earlier that the Japanese Island of Okinawa was a combination of Oc-An-Hawa. If we see Achacala, Chile we know it is formed of Oc-Oc-El-a. The ancient name for Mexico was Anahuac = An-A'Hawa-Oc. Tihuanaco, Peru is T'Hawana-Oc-o. Numerous place names are so constructed.
 

From the Hebrew verb conjugations we see how it is possible to discern the origin of the word elements without forcing them into unrealistic rigid patterns. Lackawana is El-Oc-Hawana, not El-Oc-Hawa-Ana. Tihuanaco is T'hawana-Oc-o, not Et-Hawa-An-Oco. Many forms could have alternate explanations. Akwa, Uganda could be Oc-Hawa or it could be the more simple Aqua; we cannot distinguish among the coalesced syllables.

One of the rewards of this study is evidence on how some cultures clung to original forms. Japanese exhibits this strongly. Hiyakawa is a famous Japanese surname, straight from the Semitic root system: Hiya and Kawa. Nagasaki carries the naga prefix, which in Hebrew means "to touch." Names like Asahikawa, Takasaki, Yokohama, Kanazawa and so on, all show intriguing forms. They display similarities to the Semitic because they are disyllabic, composed of two syllables in the compounds. Many other Japanese names show these patterns, but with the meanings now different from historical Semitic.
 

Names across the Polynesian South Pacific into New Zealand and Australia also show strong tendency to cling to more original forms.
 

The name patterns illustrated here are easily identifiable from the Semitic base because they are simple one or two-syllable words. More complex words are more difficult to trace and naturally receive more erosion with time. The simple names cling more strongly because they are easy to use. Furthermore, the Hebrew parallels suggest meanings which carry lofty significance and great spiritual vision. We might expect places to be named after the gods but other names show literal meanings beyond simple god honorifics. Names which denote dominion, fruitfulness, apportionment, creation, tranquility and touch all show a state of mind which lives in respect, trust, and care. The people who used the names were not mythologically minded; they knew them in practical application as recognition of daily spiritual influences in their lives. They could not name a place without acknowledging its relationship to living celestial personalities and cultural dynamics. Those "primitive" people were religiously devout.
 

The evidence shows that mythologies are of more recent origin. Mythology is a substitute for living realities. If we do not have daily contact with celestial personalities and spiritual forces we seek explanations. They become structured in cultural traditions and in epic literature. Modern scholars then assess this mythologizing as the inherent habit of all "primitive" mind when it is merely a phenomenon attendant upon the isolation of our world from those living realities. Only now that we have become godless does modern man feel liberated from the debased myths of the past. Unfortunately, when he threw the myths away, he also threw God away. We shall pay a terrible price.
 

We can deduce other facts from the place names.
 

1) They are not personal human names; the names belong to the gods and to social relationships. Human fame is forgotten in this respect for superior qualities and beings.
 

2) The names appear to be independent of geography and local topographical features. The names, and the name-element combinations, show that the application exceeded locality. They were used worldwide in a common form of expression.
 

3) The applications exceeded local dialects and languages. These are not names that miraculously appear in universal common form through the human subconscious. They derive from a universal influence by agencies that knew the entire planet and worked with all people. Many names here and there may have been adapted to local peculiarity of speech or culture but the origins were far above any of those. The beings who applied the names used a universal language, common across the planet. This does not mean that local languages were abandoned or lost but rather that a superior language was used in all activities. It also probably means that the universal language was slowly being taught to the natives, otherwise they would not understand the significance of the place names, nor of the gods who were the source of the names.
 

4) The applications came from a Semitic source that was the mother of Hebrew, and Hebrew today carries many of the name elements of that mother tongue. Otherwise we would not be able to identify them. Hebrew carries a memory of very ancient days in considerable clarity.
 

5) The Semitic influence must predate all known historical times, otherwise we could trace the influence in Sumerian, Egyptian and other Near East records, the oldest known to us, circa 3000 BC. Historical records concern local affairs only; Dumuzi and Inanna are uniquely Sumerian. No historical culture recognized a worldwide influence. Knowledge was already long lost by the time history dawns. The phenomenon goes back into the remote past, into the mists of forgotten antiquity.
 

6) These factors raise the question of the origin of the Semitic tongue. Was it an evolutionary language? If so why did the planetary supervisors select it? Why did they not select another language? What was unique about it? Would native tongues have been adequate? By what criteria? Would planetary supervisor be careful not to elevate an evolutionary language to such unique status? The nature of the Semitic roots shows that the names of the gods and the place names came from the language and not vice versa. The language was well implanted by the time world disruptions took place. It must have been in use on this world for many ages. We mentioned earlier that the easy sounds of the language helped preserve social memory through long ages. Was the language designed not only for ease of pronunciation but also for ease of meaning? Is it possible the Semitic mother tongue was designed and not evolved? Does its structure show the hand of intelligent planning? If we were to devise a verb root system how would we proceed? Does the Semitic triradical (three consonant) verb system indicate an intelligent design? Are the vowel inflections the most simple technique for expressing shades of meaning without forcing memorization? We shall see other evidence as we proceed into further discussions.