AN, THE FATHER
In the previous chapter I briefly discussed the
name of the Father god in some of the world myths. I showed how the various
gods were confused with one another, with the Father and the Son being
repeated in different relationships as the various nations embellished
the old folk memories.
In the oldest recorded memories he was known as An. This name is found in Sumerian myths, as well as many others, including Egyptian.
KramerMAW discussed the Sumerian pantheon
of gods and the embellished stories found on the old clay tablets:
In the Sumerian story of the Flood, Ziusudra,
the Sumerian Noah, is given directions to save himself:
In the Akkadian myths, borrowed almost directly
from Sumer, the Father god became Anu. In one creation epic it was
This same name is remembered in Hittite mythology:
In Babylonian myths Anu was the sky god,
borrowed from the earlier Akkadians and on back to the Sumerians.
Human memories were debased across many cultures
and lands, illustrated by ancient Ireland where the Father was transformed
into the Earth Mother. As CampbellMOG stated:
In the corrupt religious memories of Egypt An
takes on various and assorted formsEHD. He is:
A mythological serpent,
Ana was the divine father of Pepi I, while
was his divine title.
As Ani he is the title for Horus, a Son
of Osiris, and the one we know from the Bible as Melchizedek. Ani
was also a name of Osiris as the Moon-god.
Osiris was the leading Egyptian god figure and
Creator of the universe. He also carried the name "An of the stars."
The Tchatchat-urt-em-Anu was the great
council of the Egyptian gods in On, the City of the Sun.
An-Kenset and An-ken-mut were names
for Egyptian godsEHD.
From the common elements in these old myths we
see the origin of the An name. It comes from memory of a Father
god in very ancient times. It meant Father, and thus the confusion between
the Father of all, and the Creator Father. The Creator Osiris carried the
name An. An was the divine Father of Pepi I. In Hittite mythology
was the first of the gods. In Sumeria An was the leading god figure,
father of Enlil and Nintu. Unfortunately, the memory of this
god name was mostly forgotten in folk traditions from other cultures.
Examples of the An name are found in many regions of the world:
And so on.
Many times the names are spelled with "O" rather
than "A." This is found in the biblical name On for the Egyptian
City of the Sun which the Greeks called Heliopolis. Other examples are:
or On doublets are:
In my attempt to find a Semitic connection I discovered
that the An word may have a complicated history. Hebrew uses an
as an adverbial form, meaning "whence?, where?, or wither?," (should we
assume questions asked of God whereabouts?), but otherwise there seems
to be no direct connection to the An of the mythologies and place
On the other hand, another Hebrew word is closer
to our search. On means "might, ability, strength, vigor, power
and wealth202." It also could mean "ease, rest, freedom from
toil and trouble." With a slight variation in inflection it also could
mean "weariness, sorrow, and trouble" but these forms may derive out of
opposition to the basic meaning.
Note that in these different forms the initial
"a" sound may vary, leading to different applications in the different
languages, or to different applications in the same language. It may be
"a" as in "father." Or it may be "aw" as in "law." The latter then leads
to representation as "o" rather than "a."
Perhaps "An" or "On" come from an earlier linguistic
form. Hebrew ayin5869 is a basic root word which, through
inflectional variations, led to "an" or "on," but its origin is unknown.
Its meaning as a feminine noun is the "eye." It
also means "spring," as in water. The Assyrian form is enu, or inu.
Importantly, it has a figurative meaning of "mental and spiritual faculties,
acts, and statesBDB."
Many place names scattered around the Near East
carry this word:
And many others.
The same form is found in Ayan River, Ozero Ayan
Lake, and a number of other Ayan places in Russia and its provinces. It
is also found in:
The shift from Ayn or Ain to An is found
in the Near East, including:
And so on.
In anglicized form we have such biblical names
as Endor, Engedi, and Enrimmon, where ayin is reduced to En.
In the biblical traditions the Ayin, Ain, An,
or En form is often understood to mean "fountain." Endor is the "Fountain
of Dor" and Engedi is the "Fountain of Gedi." The "fountain" or "spring"
is the "eye" of the barren desert landscape. This may be the route by which
came to mean "spring."
Other than this slim evidence we have no connection
between the mythological An gods and the place names. An, the Father,
is not remembered well in the myths although his name shows upon the lands.
We could surmise connections between the Hebrew
words and the An name for the Father. The concept of the "eye" could revolve
around the idea that his eye is in all places or that he sees everything.
A fountain as the eye of the landscape might suggest that he is the wellspring
of all creation, the source of all existence. The idea of strength, power
and abundance from the other Hebrew root is obvious in its application
to the Father.
This brings us to the English words on,
and only. Examination of the origins of on as being "placed
upon something," shows no clear connection to one or only.
In the old Teutonic languages on has the forms of
ana but one, although pronounced in Anglo-Saxon as an,
was generally pronounced in other Teutonic languages with a sharper accent,
as in the modern German ein. It is found in Greek and Old Latin
oinos. Note the similarity to the Hebrew ayin. We see these
in modern Latin languages as Italian and Spanish uno, and French
Only derived from the Old English one. Although there is no direct linguistic connection to Semitic languages, this numeral could easily go back to the very ancient An, the One and Only.
As I shall show in following chapters,
An married with Hawa is found in
Hunan, China, and Anhaua River, Brazil. There are also:
An or On marries with Oc, as well as Hawa:
Onagawa, Japan (An-Oc-Hawa), or the island
of Okinawa (Oc-An-Hawa).
I shall illustrate other examples as we encounter other evidence.