The Crop Circle 3-D Illusions - Part 2

First Example of 3-D Cones

At Oliver's Castle, near Devizes, Wiltshire on 26th July in 1994 appeared a rather simple formation that did not attract much attention. It was identified on Crop Circle web sites as three crescents located at 90 degree rotation from the inner to the outer. Note that the formation spans eight tractor lines, a large distance, more than 330 ft. The purpose of the small isolated circle is unknown.

Apparently the fact went unnoticed that the figure could be viewed as a three-dimensional cone sitting at one side of a circular field. The cone has an indent in the center. This arrangement can be more readily seen in the thumbnail below. This may be the first example of 3-D cones which came in later years.

The Cissbury Rings

Formed near Shoreham Airport, Sussex, 6th July, 1995.

This formation was very large, over 250ft in diameter, but was lightly visited because of the farmer's opposition to strolling croppies. Even though large this formation was somewhat smaller than the one at Oliver's Castle the year before.

One can see in the picture to the left that the formation seems to be a cone sinking into the earth. The impression one perceives depends upon the angle at which viewed. By turning the picture upside down one then perceives a cone rising up out of the earth, right.

This is evidence that all off-center crop formations should be examined for an optical 3-D illusion.

Penton Grafton, nr Andover, Hampshire.

Reported 30th May, 1999.


Stuart Dike of Crop Circle Center states:

We were extremely fortunate to visit this formation when it was still very fresh. The flattened crop shone in the sunlight as I took the video shots from the pole, creating an amazing contrast (between the flattened grain and the standing grain). The walls of the formation were very precise, especially around the tapered walls, on the joined crescents.

The floor construction is the neatest I have ever come across within a Barley formation. I have seen some very good designs from 1995 and 1996, but this one at Penton ranked as the best in my opinion. An unusual feature was brought to my attention as I walked around the formation, and that was the crop was flowing inward toward the inner wall of the ring. This feature was also noted in each section of the joined crescent and on the outer perimeter crop.

There was no evidence of scrapings or mud on stems, as the floor lay had a wonderful fluidity to it, which is rarely scene in Barley at this stage in the season. The crop was flattened with a gentle force, as heavy pressure can be easily detected on such a young crop, which can create a mechanical appearance. In the Penton formation there was no evidence of such a feature.

Dike then goes on to describe the geometry of the formation.

We have a perimeter of flattened crop. Set within this segment is a ring which tapers around the complete circumference, encompassing a jointed crescent, facing south. Within the outer joined crescent is another half moon crescent facing North toward Penton. Set within the north-facing crescent is an inner ring, culminating into a centre circle, with a wonderful starburst centre, with raised edges. (See ground shot).

It can be seen that he did not notice the 3-D qualities. See the thumbnails to the left. Fortunately, we have photographs from an angle that take advantage of the 3-D illusion. Again, this appears as a cone.


Gog Magog Hills, nr Cambridge, Cambridgeshire. Reported 25th July, 2003


This unusual formation has been variously called an "angel," "God's Eye," and other assorted names. We can see from the strokes in the crop grain on the outer part that it leads our eyes to the smaller crescent. If one stands back to examine the formation from a distance one can see how it simulates a rising cone, with a top formation, and then dipping down in another inverted cone to the bottom simulated by the round inner circle. What such a structure might represent is not within my repertoire to explain. Certainly the notion of an eye peering at us is strong, but only if one conceives of a robotic structure. I expect it to start to swivel about at any moment. A thumbnail helps to understand the formation. In this perspective the outer crescent looks more like a ball supporting the inner eye. Certainly a 3-D appearance.



Curiously, a similar formation appeared in Mielen-Boven-Aalst Belgium on 6-23-2003. This date predates the Gog Magog Hills formation by a month. Here the number of strokes in the outer grain crescent is fewer that in the Gog Magog Hills formation. But we see a similar 3-D illusion. I could not find a similar angular view of the Gog Magog formation that would help illustrate the 3-D effect.



Morgan's Hill, nr Bishop Cannings, Wiltshire.

Reported 3rd August, 2003


We can see how the technique of strokes in the grain once again is used to guide our eyes toward the inner part of the formation. The suggestion to my mind is an ultra-modern sports arena.